Galena, Illinois: An Ame Heritage rican ou ILLINOIS HISTORiSAL SU81EY Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2012 with funding from University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign http://archive.org/details/galenaillinoisamOOcarr 977.3343 C236g t1~^ 3 AN AMERICAN HERITAGE Highlights of its History GUIDE BOOK and MAP HUMS HISTORICAL SIHBEf ON SCENIC U. S. 20 The General U. S. Grant Highway THE GREAT RIVER ROAD the Scenic North-South highway served by ILLINOIS CENTRAL RAILROAD GREYHOUND BUS LINES AIR CONDITIONED or AIR COOLED ROOMS ^ THE Q£j SOTO HOUSE nas maintained more than a century of continuous hospitality. It was the center of activities and festivities during the Civil War era. TODAY offers you a choice of 60 guest rooms, from modest to the finest! TV and free parking. CENTRALLY LOCATED GALENA— The Ideal Spot for Conventions, Vacation and weekends. Tourist Information and Convention Bureau. Write to: — De Soto House, Galena, Illinois Copyright Virginia R. Carroll 1961 ^17^33 H3 Jbw. ftw MANITOUMI LAND --THE LAND OF GOD GALENA was a lusty roaring boom-border river port, and a supply depot for the North west territory, when Chicago was little more than a crossroad. THE INDIANS believed that "Man- itou" — the Great Spirit — dwelled in this hilly paradise nestled between the Rock, Mississippi and Wisconsin Rivers. LEAD, FUR, AND THE RIVER brought the earliest white settlers, and by 1830 the area population was close tc 10,000. River traffic increased steadily until the late 1850's with commercial steamers and regular packet service op- erating from Galena south to St. Louis and north to St. Paul. GALENA'S MARKETS via this water route were far flung, — thru New Orleans to the eastern seaboard and thence on to European ports. Between 1850 and 1860 Galena was the lead min- ing capital of the country and the com- mercial capital of the Upper Mississippi River Valley. THE RAILROADS which brought growth and greatness to Chicago, sealed the doom of Galena's commercial domi- nance. Traffic on the river route de- clined as trade of the interior states was shipped overland to the seaboard via rail, military roads, and subsequently by high- ways. THIS CHANGE in the pattern of trade routes in the decade preceding 1860, gradually severed the economic cord which previously had bound the upper Mississippi Valley states to the southern states. IN RETROSPECT we can see how this east-west ribbon of rail brought the northern states closer together in eco- nomic dependence, and THEREBY STRENGTHENED SUPPORT OF THE UNION DURING THE CIVIL WAR YEARS. LEAD WAS THE MAGNET THAT BROUGHT THE FIRST SETTLERS THE PRESENCE OF LEAD ORE in the upper Mississippi Valley (now parts of Iowa, Wisconsin and Illinois) was reported by French explorers as ear- ly as 1658. This was the first major lead- producing section in the United States. THE PROMISE OF WEALTH brought men from all directions to claw at the earth's surface in the hope of striking "pay dirt." THE MISSISSIPPI BUBBLE The Galena mine area was included in that famous wildcat promotion scheme launched in 1717, when glowing tales of the rich mineral fields of the upper Mis- sissippi Valley reached John Law, Scotch adventurer in Paris, France Fraudu- lently claiming that this rich mineral area was under development by his "Com- pany of the West" his stocks pyramided, then collapsed, and the "Mississippi Bubble" was broken. ILLINOIS— THE "SUCKER" STATE Many of the early Fever River pros- pectors traveled overland in covered wag- ons; others came by keelboat. Some brought their families and only enough supplies for the summer months. These southerners could not stand the severe Illinois winters, so they worked the mines in the summer and fall, returning to their homes before winter set in. They were dubbed "Suckers" after the migratory fish that seasonally trav- eled up and down the mighty Mississippi. From this origin Illinois is still called the "Sucker" state; Illinoisans are referred to as "Suckers". "GALENA" IS BORN! Mining proved so lucrative that by 1826 not only miners but farmers, mer- chants, mechanics, and professional men were arriving in Galena in large num- bers. Often a farmer following his plow would hear the rumble caused by a min- er's blast deep below his furrow. It was December 27, 1826, when the mining settlement known as "LaPointe" kicked off its swaddling clothes and be came a town named "Galena". A town which within a year mushroomed into a hundred and fifteen houses and stores. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT granted leases to early miners, calling for a ten percent royalty on the lead produced; later the rate was reduced to six percent. However, collecting the roy- alty was not successful, and the Govern- ment decided, in 1847, to sell the lands outright. By the 1850's mining became costlier as the shallow diggings were worked out, and expensive machinery became neces- sary for depth mining. LEAD AND ZINC are currently be- ing mined in this area, by Eagle-Picher Company and by Tri-State Zinc Inc. Illinois Central Engine at Galena, beside the scale used to weigh pig lead — when Galena area supplied more than 80 percent of this country's lead output. STEAMBOAT ROUND THE BEND! SIDNEY — Stemwheel packet and excursion paddleboat. Wood hull 221.3' x 35.5', en- gines 17's, 5Vfe* stroke, four boilers. Sounds of the calliope and strains of sweet music from the band wafted on the breeze when sidewheeler and sternwheel paddleboats appeared as beautiful swan- like visions floating regally on the water with paddlewheels churning a misty spray. Steamers pulled into the Galena levee with banners streaming, flags flying and bands playing — amid the huzzas of the passengers and those lined at the shore. On special occasions the cannon of the city guards thundered its throaty wel- come. ULYSSES S. GRANT was thirty- eight years old when he moved to Galena — in 1860 — arriving with his wife and their four small children, aboard the "Itasca". i.i ITASCA ITASCA Sidewheet packet, wood hull (1857-1868), 230* x 35', Engines 22' s,l-ft. stroke, 4 boilers, 560 tons. Paddlewheels 28* diameter, 10* buckets. illustrations Courtesy Steamboat Photo Bank THE "IRON HORSE" CHANGED THE TIDE OF TRAVEL AND COMMERCE The Illinois Central's No. 1 Thousands of people came to Galena, "The First American Klondike", by conestoga wagon, buckboard, on horse- back, by foot, and by steamboat. They came from all parts of this country and from European countries. In 1825 Oliver Kellogg broke a wagon trail from Peoria to Dixon and on to Galena, but travel was slow, hazardous and seasonal. The year of 1850 marked the real be- ginning of the railway era in Illinois. The Illinois Central launched a wide- spread publicity campaign, drawing at- tention to climate, resources and oppor- tunity in this then "far west" country. ADVERTISEMENTS carrying illus- trations of farm crops, cattle grazing on fertile prairies, scenes of peace and plenty, beckoned hardy sons of toil to Illinois, "The Garden of America". Later the Illinois Central Railroad sold land to these settlers at $1.25 per acre. Purchase could be made at 50c down pay- ment per acre, with seven years in which to pay the remainder. Holders of govern- ment script could purchase land for 62^c per acre. BUILDING A PIONEER RAILROAD was a formidable undertaking. The work was done by men of brawn and courage, with shovels, picks, crow bars and sledge hammers. Hundreds of oxteams and horse-teams were required to transport materials and supplies. As many as ten thousand workmen were employed at one time on different sec- tions of track. AT 41/2 P- M. ON NOVEMBER 8, 1854, A THIRTEEN-GUN SALUTE AN- NOUNCED ARRIVAL OF THE ILLIN- OIS CENTRAL TRAIN IN GALENA, CARRYING DIGNITARIES AND OUT- OF-TOWN GUESTS WHO CAME HERE TO CELEBRATE COMPLE- TION OF THE IRON RAILS LINKING GALENA WITH CHICAGO AND THE EAST COAST. A PROCESSION FORMED AT THE RAILROAD DEPOT THEN MARCHED TO THE DESOTO HOUSE WHERE THE BANQUET WAS HELD IN THE 300-SEAT DINING ROOM. HARDY PIONEERS TRANSFORMED ILLINOIS from a desolate prairie. Houses, schools and churches were erec- ted near the little wooden railroad sta- tions, and streets were platted. THE "CIVILIZING RAILS" brought people from every walk of life. Settle- ments mushroomed into towns, and between 1850 and 1860 "the population of Illinois more than doubled" DEPENDABLE YEAR-AROUND RAIL SERVICE by all railroads aided agri- cultural and industrial expansion and contributed to the prosperity and growth of the United States. ILLINOIS CENTRAL ENGINE 1380; an American-type locomotive, with a 4-4-0 wheel arrangement. Illustrations Courtesy Illinois State Historical Library awstv* View of Galena during the romantic era when all upper Mississippi River traffic registered cargo at the U. S. Customs office here. GALENA — County seat of Jo Daviess County. Cradled in majestic hills "The Town That Time Forgot" is a living picture of a fabulous era in the midwest's great historic past. NATIONALLY KNOWN. ■*_^5^- s PICK AND SHOVEL DAYS AT THE KIPP MINE Mineral was brought to the surface in wooden tubs, where it was washed to separate the mineral from the dirt. GRANT HOME STATE MEMORIAL Rociford, i: THE 18TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES LIVED HERE! April 27, 1957 Gov- ernor William G. Stratton dedicated the 12- room Victorian house, which was restored by the Illinois Department of Conservation. The occasion was the Third Annual U. S. Grant Pilgrimage; 900 Boy Scouts and Ex- plorers participated in the dedication cere- monies. A TREASURE HOUSE OF EARLY AMER- ICANA! Outstanding among the more than 6,500 items, is the Thomas Nast life-size oil painting "Peace In Union." A "Civil War Room" places special em- phasis on participation by residents of Jo Daviess County. GALENA HISTORICAL MUSEUM AN ARCHITECTURAL GEM Hon. E. B. Washburne was Secretary of State under President U. S. Grant. Later he was U. S. Ambassador to the Court of France. E. B. WASHBURNE HOME From this home "Captain" U. S. Grant answered President Abraham Lincoln's jw&fc5&i^$w»^L& call for 75,000 men to save the Union. Pre-war home of Ulysses S. Grant family THE MAGIC CARPET ! YOU WILL LONG REMEMBER GALENA! It is mellow with the tones which only the Master Painter can create; and situated in a scenic region the Indians called Mani- toumi Land, the "Land of God". The rich mineral resources lured men, and in the 1820's several thousands came here, making it the richest town in the State. The fabulous paddleboat era swept the town into its "Golden Decade of the Forties" as the most important commercial point on the upper Mississippi River north of St. Louis. Galena is fascinating! It defies the description of Illinois as a "Prairie State". Nestling in the hills, it is surrounded by unsurpassed natural beauty, and within the town architectural treasures clinging to the hillsides - combined with its rich historic treas- ures - create an Old World charm. In this shrine-dotted town you will be awakened to a new kinship with early pioneers and a deep feeling of awe. At the leisurely pace of yesteryear it will inspire you and give you a deep feeling of reverence. This American Heritage recalls a way of life more than a century ago, and a deep ap- preciation of the struggles of pioneers clearing the land, building homes in the architec- ture of their old world homelands. It will turn your thoughts to the romance, the ad- venture, and the culture of that era, when they mined for lead, engaged in riverboat commerce, built roads, and by their dreams and their efforts left their imprint in the development of this great nation. These were the men and women that played an important part in the Civil War. Galena and this area contributed many great personalities to the Union, and it later was from here that "Captain" Ulysses S. Grant left in 1861, later to become the greatest North- ern General. This too was the town from which U. S. Grant left in 1869 to take office as 18th Presi- dent of the United States. Galena citizens are humbly proud of their heritage, and God-given natural resources and scenic terrain. They are aware of the physical reminders here today for the teach- ing of visual history of our American ideals. History walks with you, as monuments to an illustrious past break through at every turn. Here you will see original landmarks lived in by pioneers. Architectural treasures, quaint nineteenth century charm and an air of tranquility, are a pleasant relief from today's fast tempo of living. THE ROAD TO ADVENTURE leads to GALENA ! Hospitable hotels and motels offer a selection of accommodations; restaurants of- fer a variety of menus! Antique stores invite the antique-seeker! A novel shopping center on quaint Main Street mingles with scenic and historic points of interest. YEAR AROUND RECREATIONAL FACILITIES - Three parks, a swimming pool, outdoor roller skating rink, daily fee golf course and bowling alley. Game and pan fish. Fine hunting, including duck and deer hunting. View the shoreline of the mighty Mississippi, from the deck of an excursion boat. Marine harbor now being developed. Camping facilities, and picnicking locales nearby. CHESTNUT HILLS miles from Galena. winter ski area and summer recreational facilities, nine GALENA, located in the northwestern corner of Illinois, is centrally located for many circular drives in nearby Iowa and Wisconsin as well as in Illinois. For instance, Crystal Lake Cave in Dubuque, Iowa, The Grotto at Dickeyville, or Nelson Dewey Home and Park at Cassville, Wisconsin. Or continue your drive to Prairie du Chien, and return to Galena on the Iowa side of the Mississippi River. Apple River Canyon State Park, the Mississippi Palisades are just a short, but scenic, drive from here. YOU WILL ENJOY YOUR STAY IN GALENA! Bring the family, and your camera or palette! For special Galena events, check the Calendar of Events in the back of this book. PEACE IN UNION LIFE-SIZE OIL PAINTING IN GALENA MUSEUM It was presented to the City of Galena by H. H. Kohlsaat at the 1895 Grant Birthday ceremonies. The artist, Thomas Nast of Civil War fame, was present. Illustration, courtesy Illinois State Library. A, E-2 U. S « 2 BRIDG E Main St, GaLENA - a boonTriver town when Chicago was a swamp. The now-narrowed Galena River was once more than 340 feet wide, and upon its crest float- ed palatial steamers and heavily loaded packets ♦ B, D-2 THE LEVE E was the pulse of Galena; the river was its route to and from its far-flung market s. As many as eighteen steamers were tied up at one time loading or unloading at the levee. C, C-2 LOUISVILLE HOUSE 601 S.Main Privately owned. Built in the 1820 T s as an hotel for river and stagecoach travellers. D« C-2 T HE FLOOD GATES can be closed in event of flood. The Galena River has at times given forceful reminders of its turbulent past. CENTURY OLD BUILDINGS frame Galena ! s bow-shaped Main Street - mute testimony to her once booming industries in the days when all upper Mississippi River traffic registered in the U. S. Customs Office here. E. C-2 FLOOD PROTECTION DIKE The dike and the 20-foot high gates at the south entrance to this town, protect the business district from flood. F. C-2 OLD GRAIN HOUSES The four 4- story buildings on the West side of Main Street in the 500 block. Heavily loaded wagons once lined Bench Street, waiting to be unloaded. Grain was dropped from the 3rd floor Bench Street entrance to the Main Street level of these warehouses. Then the grain was sacked and loaded on barges bound for distant markets. G. C-2 COMMISSION HOUSE 420 S. Main Here waterfront business was transacted when Galena f s warehouses were a market well worth cultivating. GALENA of 1858 was a metropolis of the northwest. It supported two daily newspapers, and a dozen mills were operated here. Lumber yards, brick and lime kilns, seven breweries, pottery shops, three soap and candle factories, wagon shops, and three leather finishing houses, were doing a "land office n business* 1> C-2 DESOTO HOUSE corner Main and Green Sts. In April 1855 the 240 room DeSoto House, with accommodations for four hundred guests, opened as the "largest hotel in the West". Six to seven hundred persons were arriving daily by riverboat, stagecoach and railroad, and rooms in this magni- ficient House were in great demand. Abraham Lincoln spoke from the now-removed balcony in 1S56. Ulysses S.Grant maintained his 1363 pres- idential headquarters here. The DeSoto House was the scene of many resplendent military cotillions during the Civil War era. These original walls have echoed to stirring de- bates of national trends, inspired by voices of the wise and learned leaders in culture, music, art, philosophy and statesmanship. As Galena T s population and prestige declined, there was no longer need for such a large hostelry In 1830 the two upper stories, closed since 1875, were removed. The seventy remaining rooms are now individually appointed for the modern comforts of today f s travellers. 2. C-2 U.S. POST OFFICE Green St. Constructed as a Customs House in I858, for use of the river traffic. Erected under the direction of Ely S. Parker, a full-blooded educated Indian of the Seneca Tribe. He was Brigadier General and Military Secretary for General U. S. Grant. 3. C-2 THE GENERAL STORE S« Main A facinating, well-stocked reconstructed General Store, 0ffice,?ar Room and Kitchen. 4. C-2 GALENA GAZETTE & ADVERTISER 222 S. Main Founded 1834; second oldest newspaper in Illinois. i C-3 GRANT LEATHER STORE 211 S. Main reconstructed Leather Store of the 1860's. 6. C-2 FRINK- WALKER STAGE LINE 212 S.Main Site of the Stage Depot, Hall and Tavern. Frink- Walker sent the first stagecoach from Galena to Chicago in 1836. By 1857 fifteen stage lines radiated from this town. 7 . C-2 Site of J ,R, GRANT STORE 120 S. Main See D.A.R. placque. It was here that Ulysses S. Grant worked for his father, from the spring of 1860 to the spring of 1861. 8. B-3 THE CRACK POT ANTIQUES 116 S. Main 9. B-3 OLD MARKET HOUSE Commerce & Perry. Opened June 27, 1846 o This Greek Revival struc- ture is the oldest Market House in the Midwest* A State Memorial; free admission© 10. B-3 MARKET SQUARE Matrons in hoopskirts and shawls mingled on the square with heavily-clad farmers, rough looking miners in ocher-stained flannel shirts and heavy leather boots, and Indians in colorful blankets. For a daily fee of 250 a farmer could park on the square and sell his farm produce direct from his wagon to the bustling crowd. The latest gossip and heated discussions of current topics, could always be heard "on the square". 11 o B-3 THE LAST COBBLESTONE STREET Perry Street between Main & Bench Streets . 12. B-3 AMOS FARRAR CABIN 208 Perry Open to the public. The present house is built around the log cabin which stood inside THE OLD STOCKADE. During the Indian uprising it was a shelter for women and children. See D.A.R. placque, 13. B-3 FIRST POST OFFICE 200 N. Main Now Robertson's Drug Store. On June 4, 1826 the first post office in Galena was located on this site; known as the "Fever River" post office. 14 o B-3 2nd COUNTY COURTHOUSE 216 N. Main Erected l83^u Now J. P. Vincent & Sons Monument V/orks. Half of this building was rented to the County for use as a courthouse • It held the first theater of the lead mining area, in I838, when the Jefferson-McKenzie Players came from Chicago in open wagons to play in Galena. 15 o B-3 DOWLING'S STONE STORE Diagonal St. Erected 1826; the oldest stone structure remain- ing in Galena. In its day of log cabins it was unique due to its heavy walls of native stone. 16. B-3 DOWLING SHOP ANTIQUES Diagonal St. 17 • A-4 OLD TOWN Broadway Ave. See the old street lights, small parkway in the center of the street, framing the old and quaint buildings. This was the original site of the city. In the early days a cooper shop, a tannery, a saw- mill and a smelter operated here. Expansion of industries caused building of the business section in its present location. 18. B-4 PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE across Galena River Located at the site of the 1647 Meeker Street Toll Draw-Bridge. 19 . A-4 SWIMMING POOL Located two blocks north of the Pedestrian Bridge $ on the Scales Mound Road. At the site of the old Fair Grounds. 20. A-3 JO DAVIESS COUNTY COURT HOUSE Erected 1639 312 N. Bench Captain U. S. Grant offered his West Point train- ing and Mexican War experience at a mass meeting held here in April 1661. when President Abraham Lincoln called for 75*000 volunteers to save the Union. 21. A-3 ST. MARY'S CATHOLIC CHURCH 400 Franklin . Founded 1850. In 1856 the first brick edifice was erected following plans by Father Samuel Charles Mazzuchelli, 0. P. 22. B-3 TAYLOR HOUSE ANTIQUES 201 N. Bench Special Christmas Room! Victorian RoomI Eagles Roost I Party Paper RoomI Village Store I and the Littlest Import Shop I 23 . B-2 DOWLING HOUSE 120 N .Bench A storybook house; erected 1847 ♦ Privately owned. Parts of this house were used as description for the home of fictional Abby Delight, the heroine of Janet Ayer Fairbanks 1 popular novel of 1932- "The Bright Land." 2k. B-2 FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH 108 N. Bench Founded 1828. Erected 1838. The oldest Presby- terian Church in Illinois in continuous use. The "Guild" of this church sponsors the Annual Pilgri« mage through Historic Homes f 25. B-2 GALENA FIRE STATION 101 S. Bench The city is speedily and efficiently protected by our Volunteer Fire Department. 26. B-2 GRACE EPISCOPAL CHURCH 109 S . Prospect Founded 1827. Erected 1847. A grey stone, vine covered edifice, buttressed and castellated in Tudor style. Stained glass windows imported from Belgium; magnificient alter, reredos and choir stalls of hand carved black walnut. The delicate silvery tones of the 1838 one-manual organ have been strengthened by an alectric blower. 27. A-2 BLACK HAWK WAR MEMORIAL S. Prospect In 1832 Galena became a fortified military cam£>. A runway was built from this military out- look post to the Amos Farrar cabin inside the old stockade. Bouldar marker placed by the D.A.R. 28. A-2 DR. EDW. KITTOE HOME 105 High He was surgeon & Medical Director of the Army of Tennessee; a Lieut. Col. on Grant's staff. 29. A-l GEN. JOHN A. RAWLIN'S HOME 517 Hill He was Chief of Grant T s war staff; and Secretary of War during Grant f s presidency. 30. A-l GEN. WM. R. ROWLEY HOME 515 Hill Clerk of the Circuit Court. A Brigadier General & Provost Marshal on Grant's staff. 31. VILLAGE BARN & LITTLE ACRES (not shown on map. Highway 20-W at Division Location of "Country Fair" on specified dates. 32 « A-l 1812 CEMETERY Washington & Dodge In this pioneer cemetery are the graves of many first settlers. 33. B-l GRANT'S PRE-WAR HOME 121 High D,A,R. placqued. Captain Grant left from this home in l86l« to enter the Federal Army, 34 , B-l ST, MATTHEW 1 S LUTHERAN CHURCH 127 High Organized September 22, 1858. 35, C-l A SCENIC VIEW The plaza in front of the Central Elementary School is a vantage point from which to view the valley and hills beyond, 36, C-l WHITE HOUSE ANTIQUES 413 S. Prospect In 1833 Dan Wann contracted for construction of this house© Instead of cash, payment was stipu - lated as n ,,lead delivered at the Galena wharf n . 37, C-l THE SCHOOL STEPS Green St, Numerous such stairways carry pedestrians , 38, B-2 QUALITY HILL S, Prospect The roaring life of the mines and river trade brought wealth, and M Quality Hill" grew, blending a new way of living with an Old World nostalgia, 39, C-l METHODIST MANSE S, Prospect Privately owned. This former Methodist manse was the home of Bishop Vincent, founder of the National Chatauqua, 40, B-2 FELT'S FOLLY 125 S, Prospect Privately owned, Victorian mansion, built in the 1840 f s by Lucius Felt, The stone steps, costing $40,000, were dubbed "Felt's Folly". The house has a ballroom in the mansard. It con- tains 23 rooms including seven bedrooms with original marble washstands, A pretentious home with beautiful landscaped gardens. OUR SPIRITUAL HERITAGE FIRST METHODIST CHURCH Founded 1829 Spiritual home of the Ulysses S. Grant family. Their pew is appropriately placqued. 125 S. Bench Street (Map No. 42 B-2) FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH Founded 1828 Erected 1838 108 N. Bench St. (Map No. 24 B-2) GRACE EPISCOPAL CHURCH Founded 1827 Erected 1847 109 S. Prospect St. (Map No. 26 B-2) THESE MORE-THAN-CENTURY-OLD CHURCHES INVITE YOU TO WORSHIP WITH THEM HILL PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH West St. near Washington St. (Located beyond the limits of the attached map) SOUTH PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH Founded January 5, 1846 Erected 1847 513 South Bench Street (Map No. 51 D-l) In September 1960 the South Presbyterian Church and the Hill Presbyterian church united, and now are known as the WESTMINSTER UNITED PRESBY- TERIAN CHURCH. ST. MARY'S CATHOLIC CHURCH Founded 1850 400 Franklin Street (Map No. 42 A-3) ST. MICHAEL'S CATHOLIC CHURCH Founded 1832 217 S. Bench Street (Map No. 47 C-2) ST. MATTHEW'S EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN CHURCH 127 High Street Map No. 34 B-l For new vistas in a variety vacationland, THE GREAT RIVER ROAD Along this 573-mile scenic corridor are numerous State Parks and Memorials, photo-scenic lookout spots offering magnificent panoramic views, Indian Mounds, his- toric and architectural treasures. Sportsminded travelers will find good hunting and fishing, harbor and boat launching facilities and waterfront recreation, a variety of nature trails, picnic and camping sites. Numerous spring and fall festivals are held in towns along this route. Nineteen hundred pilot wheel markers, from East Dubuque to Cairo, will guide motorists. On the 1961 official Illinois Highway Department maps, the route of the GREAT RIVER ROAD is identified with miniature reproductions of the markers. 41. B-2 TURNER HALL 103 S. Bench Has many historic associations • Though gutted by fire and remodeled since it was built in 1S74, this auditorium with its double-decked boxes be- side the stage, recalls the hey-dey of the Victor- ian stage. 42. B-2 FIRST METHODIST CHURCH 125 S. Bench Founded 1S29. Spiritual home of the U. S. Grant family. Their pew is appropriately placquedo 43. C-2 WASHINGTON ST. STEPS S. Bench The path taken by U. S. Grant from his home on High Street, to the J.R.Grant Store on Main St. 44. C-2 FIRE HOUSE No. 1 S. Bench Six such small structures housed the hand- drawn equipment, so that apparatus would not have to be drawn long distances. Inside, can be seen a hand-drawn and manually operated 1#55 pumper used by our volunteer fire- men. In the bell tower hangs the last old fire bell in Galena. The Galena Volunteer Fire Com- pany was organized February 1, 1#30. 45. C-2 HISTORICAL MUSEUM 211 S. Bench This building houses the City Hall, Community Hall and the Museum. Outstanding among the more than 65OO items of early Americana and the Civil War era, is the life-size oil painting "Peace in Union" depicting Lee f s surrender to Grant at Appomatox. 46. C-2 CROSS THE STREET See the row of brick houses recreating an Old World Atmosphere. Here the Bench street entrance to Main Street buildings, is by narrow bridges from the sidewalk to the houses. 47. C-2 ST. MICHAEL 1 S CHURCH 217 S. Bench The "cradle of Catholicity" in the Northwest. This was a flourishing parish before the first Catholic church was founded in Chicago. Father Samuel Charles Mazzuchelli, 0. P., was its most renouned Pastor. 48. C-2 THE NEWHALL HOME 235 S. Bench Erected 1847 by Dr. Horatio Newhall, a pioneer physician. Verandas were added in the 1690s. A massive structure, topped by an octagonal cupola. Now, the Nash Funeral Home • & C-2 CHURCH OF THE NAZARENE 301 S. Bench rganized September 10, 1944* 50. B-l ST. MICHAEL'S PAROCHIAL SCHOOL Since l880 o 413 S. Bench 51. D-l SOUTH PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH 513 S. Bench Founded Jan. 5* 1846. Erected 1847 o Members of this church sponsor the Violet Show and Old South Activities annually held on "Tour Weekend". 52. D-l FELT CARNEGIE LIBRARY 601 S. Bench Organized 183 5 • Building erected 1908. 53. D-l FREDERICK STAHL HOME 603 S. Bench Erected 1834 • Privately owned. He took the first load of lead from here to Chicago in 1833 j at the time the Potawattomie Treaty was made. He loaded the wagons, drawn by two eight-oxen teams, with 3500 pounds of lead each, and travelled via Dixon. 54 o D-l THE OLD STORE - ANTIQUES 334 Spring 55. E-l JOHN E. SMITH HOME 807 S» Bench Erected in the 1850 f s. He operated a jewelry and silversmith store in Galena at the start of the Civil War. A Major-General on Grant f s staff. ON THE EAST SIDE 56. E-3 E. B. WASHBURNE HOME 908 Third Privately owned. Built in 1833; remodeled and en- larged in the l850 f s. On the lawn of this South- ern Colonial residence Grant drilled the first raw recruits from this area in f 6l. E.B.Washburne served eighteen years in Congress. He was U.S. Ambassador to the Court of France during Grant f s administration. 57 . E-3 ILLINOIS CENTRAL RAILROAD DEPOT Foot of Bouthillier St. In 1854 the "Iron Horse 11 of the "Central" rail- road roared across the prairie into this raetrop - olis of the midwest. General Grant alighted at the Illinois Central Station August IS, 1865. He departed from here to take office as 18th presi- dent of the United States. 58. D-3 GRANT PARK Park Ave at Jackson St . Dedicated in 1891, when the first U.S.Grant Cele- bration was held. See the bronze memorial statue "Grant - our Citizen". The Fountain was present- ed to the city by the G.A.R. Ladies Auxiliary • Canons can be seen here from the Civil War, the Spanish American War, and World War I . 59 D-3 PANORAMIC VIEW A favorite spot for artists and camera enthusiasts. Looking westward the beauty of the town stands out as in a mural. 60. D-4 CAPT. ORRIN SMITH HOME S.E. Corner Jackson & Park Av. He was a wealthy, colorful and pious boatman. Where ever his boat might be at midnight Saturday night, she was tied up, and not moved again un- til after midnight Sunday night. If no minister was available Cap f t Smith led religious service • 61. C-4 THE ROCK HOUSE ANTIQUES Third St. 62. C-4 THE UNION HOUSE 403 Park Av. When built in 1839, this was a tavern accommoda - ting four boarders. A stairway led from the rear porch to the river below© 63 . D-4 GRANT HOME STATE MEMORIAL Bouthillier St. This is the home that the citizens of Galena presented to General U. S. Grant on August 18, I865, when he returned from the Civil War. Now a State Memorial; admission free. GENERAL GRANT DANCED AT THE DESOTO HOUSE An Illinois Central "Special" - on September 11, 1865 - brought some forty military and civilian dignitaries from Chicago to attend the Complimentary Ball and Banquet honor- ing General U. S. Grant. Five hundred invitations were extended for the great occasion. Major General John A. Logan spoke from the DeSoto House balcony, sustaining his refutation as an orator! The great dining hall of the DeSoto House was superbly decorated. Flags of every de- scription were festooned upon the pillars, and portraits of Grant and Logan and other generals adorned the walls. Muskets were stacked around the hall ; and a huge Ameri- can Eagle in bronze perched on a pedestal. The banquet table was lavishly and elegant- ly spread. The assembled military personnel included Major General Mason Brayman, Col. Orville E. Babcock, Col. Adam Badeau, Majors J. R. Hotallmg, J, B. Dent f and S. Wait. Governor Richard J. Oglesby, Secretary of State 0, M, Hatch, and State Treasurer Sharon Tyndale were among the dignitaries. The press was represented by Sam J. Me- dill of the Chicago Tribune, and by reporters of more than a half dozen other news- papers. General Grant tripped the light fantastic with the guests, then at 1:00 a. m. he with his family and staff withdrew, while the rest of the party kept on with the dance until 3:00 a.m. On the following morning General Grant and his party left for Springfield, Illinois and St. Louis, Missouri in the four magnificent coaches which the Illinois Central Rail- road furnished. ELECTION NIGHT REMINISCENCE Huge bonfires were lit on the hills, and residences were illuminated throughout the town. General Smith commanded the Galena Tanners, and Colonel Miller commanded the mounted artillery unit. The Galena Leadmine Band and the Dubuque Germania Band supplied the beat for the marching feet. Several thousands marched in the torchlight parade to the Bouthillier Street residence of Ulysses S. Grant. Enroute, a large unoccupied building had been set afire, and as the procession passed this structure every timber blazed #nd the flames lighted up the area. Three rousing cheers greeted the President-elect, and he made a brief speech from the piazza. The bands serenaded the future 18th President of the United States, and a mag- nificent display of fireworks was set off on the Grant home lawn. Within seconds after the signal Roman Candle was touched off, more than a thousand candles sent balls of fire into the air, shedding a brilliant light that illuminated the sky. Then the paraders moved on to the residence of Hon^. E. B. Washburne, who had just been elected to Congress for his 9th term. Cheered by the crowd, and seranaded by the bands, he responded with a brief and eloquent speech. A similiar ceremony was held at the home of Major General John E. Smith, then the torchlight paraders wound their way around town before disbanding. GALENA AND THE DESOTO HOUSE HAVE SHARED IN THE PAGEANT OF HISTORY Opened In April 1855 the 5 story. 240 room DeSoto House "the most luxurous hotel In the west." Ulysses S. Grant maintained hit 1868 presidential campaign head- quarters at the DeSoto House On August 24, 1858 at 2 p.m. Stephen A. Douglass, "The Little Giant," addressed a mass meeting from this same balcony. Abraham Lincoln spoke from the (now removed) balcony July 23, 1856. His closing sentence was later to become a civil war slogan: "All this talk about the dissolution of the Union is hum- bug—nothing but folly. We WON'T dissolve the Union, and you SHAN'T." By 1880 Galena's prosperity had faded, population and commerce declined, and the two upper stories (closed since 1875) were removed. The original roof was raised on screw Jacks, then lowered gradually as the two stories were removed. Of her it is said with no Idle boast, To men of great fame, she acted as host; With pride she can point to her chambers today. Where heroes renowned have once "hit the hay." Reprinted from "Rhythm of the River" with permission of author Ceremonies April 30, 1960, unveiling the Illinois State His- torical Society marker at the DeSoto House. At this 6th Annual U. S. Grant Pilgrimage 1703 Boy Scouts took part In the ceremonies. Dubuque Telegraph Herald Photo. U/tufflcunA Whan... toiSotb Hou/a Htetnu* II A GALENA SUNDAY APRIL 29™ 1855 SOUP MACARONI SOUP BOILED BASS HAM CHICKEN TONGUE FISH BOILED BAKED SALMON CORNED BEEF LEGMUTON COLD CORNED BEEF ENTREES PORK AND GREENS BAKED PORK AND ROAST C^-3 MUTTON PIG TURKEY VEGETABLES c^-3 BOILED POTATOES TURNIPS MASHED POTATOES PARSNIP ASPARAGUS ONIONS PASTRY and PUDDING GRAPE PIE APPLE PIE GREEN PEACH PIE GAGE PLUM PIE PESSIRT NUTS ICE CREAM RAISINS HAM KIDNEY ANDPORK MUTTON CURRY BEEF PORK LAMB-MINT SAUCE IN 1855 A ROOM AT THElDiSotiv A WINE LIST SHOWS CHAMPAGNE SOLD HOUSE WAS PRICED TO INCLUDE FOUR AT*2*P A QUARTOS? A PINT. THATMADEIRO MEALS A AY. 'BREAKFAST b'6. TO 90 CLOCK, SOLD FOR *1<>o A QUART; S/8R0WN STOUT DINNER iJiOCLOCKj TEA fc'4 OCLOCK; SUPPER LONDONPORTER" LIKEWISE ALE, AT 75* A 8 TO 9 0' CLOCK? B$Tfc ? #*°-° DAU Y 0} QUART. -OLD FASHIONED HOSPITALITY WITH MOOERN ACCOMMODATIONS c^~z* t)tSotb+hn4At *^-> 230 SOUTH MAIN ST. OALENA ILLINOIS IN THE TOWN THAT TIME FORGOT ¥ THE JO DAVIESS GUARD WAS DRILLED BY U. S. GRANT ««»«»,, f . ^Y% WilUa Prof. G. A. Godat. Herman Ulverer. m Ignatz Klein, Gen. A. L, Chetlats Bahwell Georg'e S, Avery. J. R. Lamb, Five thousand persons gathered on the 25th of April 1861 to bid the 106-man JO DAVIESS GUARD "God Speed" when it departed from Galena for the battle- fields of the Civil War. Augustus L. Chetlain was the first man to sign the Muster Roll, closely followed by Wallace Campbell, J. Bates Dickson, and others. At Captain U. S. Grant's suggestion Augustus Chetlain was elec- ted Captain of the Company. Wallace Campbell was elected First Lieutenant, and J. Bates Dickson was elected Second Lieutenant. Patriotic women called upon Grant for advice regarding the correct regulation infantry uniform, then they solicited funds, bought material, commissioned tailors to cut the garments, and the women sewed the uniforms. Mean- while Grant drilled these men, and within a few days the company was uni- formed and ready to report at Spring- field for assignment. As departure hour arrived, the volun- teers marched to the depot along streets lined with cheering well-wishers. They were led by the Galena Brass Band, and followed by Liberty Fire Company No. 1. They were flanked on the right by Neptune Fire Company No. 2, and on the left by Relief Hook & Ladder Co. No. 4. Members of Galena Fire Company No. 3 were next in the procession, just ahead of the Schreiners Brass Band, who was followed by the German Societies, Mayor, City Council, representatives of civic or- ganizations and citizens. In front of the DeSoto House the proces- sion halted for brief ceremonies, at which a silk flag made by Galena ladies was presented to the Company. Mr. E. A. Small made the presentation and Cap- tain Augustus L. Chetlain gave the ac- ceptance speech. Captain U. S. Grant fell in at the rear left of the Company and marched with it across the Green Street Bridge to the Illinois Central Railroad Depot. Here brief addresses were given by Mayor Robert Brand and Rev. J. H. Vincent, and a revolver of rare workmanship was presented to Professor G. A. Godat, the color bearer. Of the sixty companies accepted by the State of Illinois, the Jo Daviess Guard was the only one to arrive in Camp Yates fully uniformed, and with military precision and discipline. The Jo Daviess Guard became Company F of the Twelfth Regiment, Illinois Infantry, assigned to the right center of the Regiment and designated as the "Color Company". GALENA WOMAN WAS A PRIVATE IN THE UNION ARMY Galena-born Clarissa Emily Gear Hobbs served with the boys in blue, travelling with her husband, Dr. J. C. H. Hobbs, M. D. In her Memoirs Mrs. Hobbs wrote: "The only way I could go with my husband was to have my name placed on the roster as a private soldier and detailed to work in the hospital. It was Col. Wood, a West Point man, who arranged the details; 'You can draw your rations as a soldier of the Iowa 12th, have two blankets issued to you, and can go that way' ". Their first winter with troops was spent at the Regimental Hospital at St. Louis. In early January they were shipped to Smithland, Kentucky. Within a few hours after Northern Troops took Ft. Henry, the "Long Roll" sounded at Smithland. Soldiers left their sick beds to answer the call "to arms", rushing on to the transports waiting to carry them on to Fort Donelson on the Tennessee River. All night the hospital staff heard guns booming, and the next morning news came that Fort Donelson was captured by Union forces. Soon the transports returned to Smithland, flags at half- mast, filled with wounded soldiers. Mrs. Hobbs was recognized as a Nurse of the Iowa 12th, but at that time no provision had been made for nurses, and she wrote in her memoirs, "So I never got my $13.00 per month." She later re- ceived a government pension of $12.00 monthly. Source: "Autobiography of Clarissa E. Gear Hobbs," Vol. 17 Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society. » I«f »» I «» I"I *' I"l *' I"I"I"I"I"I ' > I"H ' 4 '* I"H ' YOUTH ANSWERED LINCOLN'S CALL! THOMAS E. REYNOLDS of Galena, enlisted July 30, 1862, mustered in Sept. 4, 1862; mustered out June 10, 1865. He served with the Ninety-sixth Infantry- Co. I. He enlisted as a Private at the age of 17, but was detailed as Drummer, and served with the Regimental Band till the close of the war ; was never absent except for about three weeks in the spring of 1863; was present and acted with the Ambulance Corps in every engagement in which the Regiment participated. His post-war activity was as a mem- ber of the firm of Fiddick & Reynolds, Boot and Shoe Dealers, Galena, Illinois. Chicago Historical Society Reference Report, from History of the Ninety-Sixth Regiment, Illinois Volunteer In- fantry. Edited by Charles A. Partridge. Brown, Pettibone & Co., Chicago: 1887. pb882. Also, Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois Vol. V p 457. FLAG OF THE GALENA LEAD MINE REGIMENT Can be seen at the Galena Historical Museum. This was the first flag to enter Vicksburg when the city fell, July 4, 1863. The flag was brought to Galena by General Smith ; and loaned to the Museum by his grandson, W. K. K. Smith. THESE CIVIL WAR MILITARY LEADERS LEFT GALENA TO SERVE AND SAVE THE UNION John A. Rawlins ULYSSES S. GRANT William R. Rowley ^ A John Carson Smith John E. Smith Ilustratlons: Courtesy Illinois State Historical Library— U. S. Grant, Ely S. Parker, John A. Rawlins, William R. Rowley and A. L. Chetlaln ■«.*«. Courtesy Chicago Historical Soclety-J. A. Maltby. John O. Duer, J. E. Smith and J. C. Smitn THE HERO'S WELCOME Grand triumphal arch across Main Street, welcoming General U. S. Grant home, — on the ISth day of August 1865. The five-story DeSoto House, shown above, was a beehive of activity. Grant and his party arrived in Ga- lena on a 3 p. m. Illinois Central "special" train. Twenty-five thousand persons welcomed him amid the firing of can- non, and waving of flags. Carriages con- veyed the General and his party from the depot to the DeSoto House, where ceremonies were held. The procession kept time to the music of the 15th Corps, the Germania, Dubuque and other bands. The triumphal arch was trimmed with evergreens, "emblematic of the nev- er fading honors that will encircle the brows of those that won them". A finely carved American Eagle, with the em- blems of victory and peace in its beak, was mounted on the arch overlooking the grandstand and crowd in the street be- low. On this arch stood thirty six young ladies dressed in white, each waving a national flag. As the General and Mrs. Grant approached they showered flowers along their pathway. The Hon. E. B. Washburne gave the welcoming address, and Rev. Vincent replied on behalf of Ulysses S. Grant. At the close of the ceremonies Grant received the key to the home on the East side of the Galena River, — which is now known as the GRANT HOME STATE MEMORIAL. Taking up residence in his new home, he was once again "Grant — Our Citizen". GRANT'S HOME LIFE DURING ELECTION WEEK While a nation waited for the decisive election day, activities of Ulysses S. Grant in his home town. 'Leslie Illustrated" sent a photographer to record the —"Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper Nov. 14, 1868 A FAMILIAR SCENE in Galena even during election week. Grant's dally schedule remained unchanged. After lunch he rested or walked or went for a carriage drive. PRESIDENT ELECT U. S. GRANT maintained his 1868 election campaign Headquarters at the DESOTO HOUSE. Here he Is shown chatting with the desk clerk. This Is the 1857 home which the local presented to Grant August 18. 1865, when he re- turned to Galena — the foremost military figure of Ws century. It is now the U. S. GRANT HOME, a state memorial GRANT HOME IN GALENA AND THE FAMILY COAT OF ARMS PS R| DEAR TO GRANTS HEART was the twlghllght hours when family and friends gathered at THE FIRESIDE CIRCLE. Illustrations Courtesy Illinois State Historical Library ULYSSES S. GRANT 18th President of the United States 1869 - 1877 "// the people want me, they'll elect me", Grant said. While his opponent stumped vigorously, General U. S. Grant remained in Galena, quiet and unassum- ing as always. The president-elect main- tained personal headquarters at the De- Soto House. A Republican nominee, he was inevitable choice for President. HISTORIANS HAVE RECORDED: HIS PRIMARY CONCERN was for the public debt, and during his two ad- ministrations the national debt and taxes were reduced. HE WAS THE FIRST PRESI- DENT to propose a Civil Service based on merit; this much needed reform was finally accepted in 1883. IN 1871 HE SECURED RATIFI- CATION of the Treaty of Washington, and the United States and Great Britain were the first countries to set an example to the world of "settlement by arbitra- tion". OTHER ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF HIS ADMINISTRATION included (a) an Indian Commission to improve the lot of the Indians; (b) establishment of Yel- lowstone National Park; (c) the study of water resources and problems of a watershed in California; (d) his efforts in behalf of better educational facilities; (e) his partially successful efforts to es- tablish a merchant marine; (f ) the enun- ciation of a tariff policy; and (g) pro- vision for an orderly and peaceful suc- cession after a contested presidential election. HIS VISION WENT BEYOND HIS GENERATION, and many of the measures he favored were not adopted until after his administration ended. Some of these were (a) the estab- lishment of a naval base; (b) a market for the mutual exchange of trade with the Carribbean; (c) construction of an isthmian canal; (d) an organization for the settlement of international disputes, and many others. Though the nation paid him homage as a General and as a President, and notwith- standing that kings had doffed their crowns to him, when ex-president U. S. Grant re- turned to his Galena home following two presidential terms and a trip around the world, he again resumed his place as "GRANT— OUR CITIZEN". Source: Military Affairs, Vol. XVLL 1953 Illustration Courtesy Of The nilnois State Historical Library ULYSSES S. GRANT A GALENA CHRONOLOGY 1860 He moved to Galena, arriving aboard the streamer "Itasca", accom- panied by his wife and their four small children. His pre-war residence was a modest brick home at 121 High Street. 1861 Captain U. S. Grant, answered President Abraham Lincoln's call for volunteers to save the Union. Aug. 18, 1865 Galena's greatest day - when 25,000 persons welcomed General Ulysses Grant home from the Civil War. 1868 Ulysses S. Grant maintained his presidential campaign headquarters at the DeSoto House. 1869-1877 Ulysses S. Grant - 18th President of the United States. 1879 Following his two-year world tour Ex-President Grant returned to Galena, and was a familiar figure here, until 1881 When he moved to New York. Expecting to return to Galena in his reclining years, he retained his home here. BORN: April 27, 1822, at Point Pleasant, Ohio. DIED: July 23, 1885, at McGregor, New York. BURIED: In Grant's Tomb, Riverside, New York. Chiseled on the sides of the stately granite shaft in Grant City Park, are the names of 424 heroes of Jo Daviess County who made the supreme sacrifice to preserve the Union, THE FIRST ALL-YOUTH PROGRAM IN THE NATION'S CIVIL WAR OBSERVANCE took place in Galena April 29, 1961 Gen. Grant III Dines in Grant Memorial Home An elegant 19th century party in the kerosene-lamp lighted home of his famous grandfather, arranged by the Department of Conservation, State of Illinois April 29, 1961. A Record Shattering U. S. Grant Pilgrimage Some of the 3,005 Boy Scouts, Explorers and Scouters from four states who took part in the ceremonies sponsored by the U. S. Grant Council, B. S. A., and the Galena Woman's Club. Gen. U. S. Grant III, Chairman, National Civil War Centennial Commission and Dr. Frank F. Gross, Central Commander. John T. Graves, Camp No. 516, Sons of Confederate Veterans, addressed the assembled scouts. —Galena Gazette Photos. ANNUAL GRANT FETE Boy Scout Pilgrimage, last Saturday in April. Girl Scout Day, first Saturday in May. Write Grant Birthday Committee, DeSoto House, Galena, Illinois. PILGRIMAGE THRU HISTORIC GALENA HOMES, sponsored by the Guild of the First Presbyterian Church, annually on the last weekend in September. Write Tour of Historic Homes, Galena, Illinois. Added attractions on Tour Weekend : MARKET DAYS held on Market Square. Contact Jo Daviess County Home Bureau, Elizabeth, 111. ART EXHIBIT in the Market House. VIOLET SHOW at Community Hall; write Ladies Aid, Westminster United Presbyterian Church, Galena, 111. THE SWEET SHOPPE : Write Sigma Pi Sorority, Westminster United Presbyterian Church, Galena, 111. THE BLACKSMITH SHOP: Write Williard Richardson, Galena, 111. OLD FASHIONED MELODRAMA: AVENUE OF ANTIQUES: Main Street merchants' windows display antiques, his- toric documents and items "out of the past". THE CIVIL WAR CENTENNIAL WILL AWAKEN RENEWED INTEREST IN GALENA, THE MOST PERFECTLY PRESERVED HISTORIC TOWN IN ILLINOIS THE U. S. GRANT PILGRIMAGE FOR BOY SCOUTS & EXPLORERS will stress a Civil War Centennial Commemoration theme in the Pilgrimages held on the last Sat- urday in April, 1961 thru 1965. Advance reservations required. Individual and unit awards. For details write U. S. Grant Council, Boy Scouts of America, 616 W. Stephenson Street, Freeport Illinois. CIVIL WAR CENTENNIAL COMMEMORATIONS Plan to be with us! U. S. GRANT PILGRIMAGE FOR BOY SCOUTS AND EXPLORERS 7th Annual— Sat., April 29, 1961 8th Annual— Sat., April 28, 1962 9th Annual— Sat., April 27, 1963 10th Annual— Sat., April 25, 1964 11th Annual— Sat., April 24, 1965 July 2 thru 8, 1961, A City-wide Civil War Centennial Commemoration, with num- erous special events and attractions. Historical pageant nightly July 4th thru 8th. Contact Galena Historical Society. Catholic — St. Mary's Catholic — St. Michael's . Episcopal — Grace Lutheran — St. Matthew's Methodist, The First CHURCHES Crack Pot Dowling Shop .... Old Store Rock House .. Taylor House White House Steamboat House Hwy 20 a ANTIQl 8 B-3 " Presbyterian, The First B-i Presbyterian, Hill B-2 Presbyterian, The South 24 B-2 . 130 S. West St. 51 D-l 54 D-l 61 C-4 22 B-3 . 36 C-l Prospect St. POINTS OF INTEREST Black Hawk War Boulder 27 A-2 Bridge — pedestrian 18 B-4 Bridge — U. S. 20 A E-2 Cemetery — 1812 32 A-l Cobblestone Street 11 B-3 Commission House G C-2 County Court House - site 14 B-3 County Courthouse 20 A-3 De Soto House 1 C-2 Dowling House 23 B-2 Dowling Stone Store 15 B-3 Farrar, Amos — Cabin 12 B-3 Felt's Folly 40 B-2 Fire House No. 1 44 C-2 Fire Station 25 B-2 Flood Gates D C-2 Flood Dike Protection E C-2 Frink-Walker Stage Site 6 C-2 Gazette & Advertiser 4 C-2 General Store 3 C-2 Gram Houses F C-2 Grant Memorial Home 63 D-4 Grant's Pre-war Home 33 B-l Grant Park 58 D-3 Grant Statue 59 D-3 Grant, J. R. Store — site 7 C-2 Grant Store — reconstructed 5 C-3 Hotel DeSoto ...... 1 C-2 111. Central R. R. Station 57 E-3 Kittoe, Edw., home 28 A-2 Levee B D-2 Library ..... 52 D-l Louisville House C C-2 Market House 9 B-3 Market Square 10 B-3 Methodist Manse (1st) 39 C-l Mineral Museum Spring St. near 54 D-l Museum 45 C-2 Newhall Home 48 C-2 Old Town ....................... 17 A-4 Parochial School 50 B-l Parochial School 21 A-3 Post Office 2 C-2 Post Office — 1st site 13 B-3 Quality Hill 38 B-2 Rawlins, J. A, home 29 A-l Rowley. -Wax. B^tOB D — — V» » 1 Smith, John E., home 55 E-l Smith, Capt. O., home 60 D-4 Stahl, Fred, home 53 D-l (Hill St. . 26 B-2 Steps .... (School 37 C-l (Washington St. .. 43 C-2 Swimming Pool ..... 19 A-4 Turner Hall 41 B-2 Union House 62 C-4 Panoramic 59 D-3 View (Scenic 35 C-l (Old World 46 C-2 Washburne, E. B., home 56 E-3 EAST SIDE — Park Avenue and Bouthillier Street See The Old Town Hall and Water Filtration Plant E SHOPS Village Barn & Little Acres Highway 20-W at Division Street Main Antique Store Main & Green Streets Bartsch's Antiques 408 Washington Street Gibson Antiques 326 N. Main St. State Memorial OLD MARKET HOUSE Inside can be seen "a graphic exhibit of Illinois architecture"